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June 20, 2022

1848: The Controversial Execution of Washington Goode

1848: The Controversial Execution of Washington Goode

It's another case that people might not be aware of. One that sparked outrage but not in the way many might think. The outrage came from the execution of a man convicted of murder. Confused? The execution of Washington Goode sparked a movement in a way many never imagined.

Join the ONUC gals this week as they discuss the case of Washington Goode.

Trigger Warning Level: Low

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Remember, there isn't always liberty and justice for all.

Sources: A Pre-Civil War Struggle Against Capital Punishment: Charles Spear, Concord, and the Case of Washington Goode by Barry Kritzberg, Hub History, Rites of Execution: Capital Punishment and the Transformation of American Culture, 1776-1865 by Louis Masur,  Executions and American Culture: A Scaffolding for Analysis? by Eric H. Monkkonen, and Readex

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You are listening to one nation under crime, historical chronological, true crime podcast. Each week we go through our nation's history and discuss cases. Cases meet here starting in 1800. I'm Kayla and I'm Leah. And we, this is another one of those episodes that like, it just happened to come out on a day that I didn't plan it. I don't know how I do that. And I don't know how that happens. Like, remember back in October, all of our October episode somehow ended up being like October themed. They were just like never spooky. 


There was some element of all of them that had that in it. And it was just like, kind of like funny, like there was something in each of them. And then we had a few others that have come out. Also, this is coming out on June 20th, if you, well, by now you've known June 16th. We came out with a special episode. If you have not listened to it, I would highly encourage you to, we were given a request that we've never done before, and it was not easy emotionally and mentally. 


And it's brought up a lot of important conversations. Yes. And it is something that I fully believe could be solved. It is a current open case that is a murder that has not been solved. And the friends of the victim reached out, or one of them reached out and asked if we could do anything to spread awareness. And that was the best way we thought to do it. 


It again, is something I believe could be solved. And it is a story that has twists. Like, it's just one of those that it's like, there's so many stigmas that come along with it that I, that are probably the reasons that it hasn't been solved. Sure. And it's frustrating, but it was a very good case. And so, and I really hope that her friends who have listened to it by now, I hope they are, you know, it, I hope it went well for them. I mean, and we have that, there's a resolution to the case. 


If not, if not a resolution, the case, I at least hope that Jessica's story is helpful to someone I'll say that. Yeah. So if you haven't gone and listened to that episode yet, I would highly suggest it. It came out in our normal feed and it was June 16th. So then back to today. So again, I said, this is an episode, I didn't plan for it to come out today, but it is it aligned with something. 


So we'll, I'll go ahead. And I'm going to drop in that here. And that is that today is June 20th. So today is the official day that June 10th will be recognized across the United States. Very cool. We are discussing a case today that involves a black man who was put on trial for the murder of another black man. And there is uproar this case while not well-known surprisingly sparked a much larger conversation nationally at this time. 


It was very interesting. And then, so I just found it interesting that it's coming out, like the day that June 10th recognized in the United States, which is just like, kind of cool that this episode came out today. Like, I appreciate that Juneteenth is recognized, but like, obviously at the same time, like you'll know, I don't, we had a whole Patty cannon episode, like already let out all my emotions. I was like, I can't. But for those who are not aware and who don't like, really know what unity is. That was the recommendation of when basically the emancipation proclamation was officially like enacted everywhere. 


Like it kind of slowly trickled its way for a few, like two or three years. And then this is the recognized station that scene that doesn't sound like a right word, but it is of the day that that happened. So just for anybody who isn't aware, and we're going to go ahead and jump into it, this is another week where we cover a special person. Oh. And this one was fun. I like it. I like, I'm not gonna like it. Yes. I mean, I, I really liked that. I decided to do this because I'm one, we're like pulling out stories of people that we've never heard of, but there is stories are fun. 


Like they're like, oh, that's who did that? Okay. So our sources for this week, a couple of them are going to be like dissertations that I found. Yeah, It was a lot of, this is a lot of research and one of them is a pre-Civil war struggle against capital punishment, Charles spear Concord, in the case of Washington glued by Barry Pittsburgh. Oh, that's the title. Thank you. Barry Hub history. I did one last week. What was the last hush has have, yeah. 


Hushed in history was one that we did last week. So pub history, battle love a good alliteration. And then another educational text is what I guess I'll say rights of execution, capital punishment, and the transformation of American culture. 1776 to 1865 by Louis Monsieur and executions in American culture. A scaffold for analysis by Eric Hmong. Connon Thank you, Eric. M O N K K O N E N. 


That's what I'm going with. Thank You, Eric. And I believe it's Redux, which is like a, they're kind of like an archive for a specific newspaper. So I got up a bunch of information from them as well, which was very helpful. So our births in 1848 had asked Leah before this, where we recorded, I just said, last name out loud. And I went Just good to know. And then she went, what? And I was like, I feel like I'm going to say this wrong. So, And she said it Wrong. I did say it wrong. Cause it's not again, not like it's spelled set March 19th, Wyatt Barry staff. 


It should be ear. It that's how it's spelled. He was an American law man and gambler and the American west, which included Dodge city, Deadwood and tombstone. He is one of the ones in the gunfight at the OK. Corral. He's a Pisces. Yep. A lot of information on him. We were covering him eventually. So he's obviously not our, I mean, study for my parents' dogs have names that come from that movie. And one of my sister's dogs has had a name from movie. 


Yeah. September 4th, Louis Howard Latimer. We honestly, this man should have a statue somewhere. Oh, I don't know if he does. He might, but he should. If he doesn't, someone should make it. He was an inventor and patent draftsman. So he would draft patents and other people, his inventions included an evaporative air conditioner. So again, statue For the air stature And improved process for manufacturing, carbon filaments, or light bulbs. 


Just that thing. Nice. Yes. Thank you for light and air conditioning. And again, thank you. And improved toilet system for railroad cars. Oh, thank you for the Statues everywhere. Very handy guy everywhere. He's a Virgo. Pretty cool. Like that. September 29th, Caroline, our Delia, Yale. Nice. She was an American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing impaired students. Oh, I'll be very interested to know more about her. Yeah. Yes. She was there. Wasn't a lot of information. I tried. She was the other, there's two people. 


Yes. There's two people that I also looked at covering surprisingly, not a lot of information, but This disappointing. Yes, she was very interesting. So she's a Libra, October six Webster clay ball. He was a jeweler and watchmaker who founded the ball watch company when standard time was adopted in 1883, he was the first jeweler to use time signals from the United States, Naval observatory, bringing accurate time. He's also a Libra. 


I not weird. I did not realize this until now. The other woman that I own that was covered November 1st, also named Caroline, Caroline still Anderson was one of the first black women to become a physician in the United States For her. I mean, I mean a woman physician this time, anyway, Of course, But I mean, Wow. Yes. And she has a Scorpio and then we have November 20th, James Murray Spangler. He was an American inventor salesman and janitor SU angler who invented the first commercially successful portable electric vacuum cleaner that revolutionized household carpet cleaning wherever nice. 


I mean, thanks but housework. So if I get somebody else to do that stuff Is also a Scorpio. And then our deaths in 1848, February 23rd, John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the United States, March 29th, a man that we have talked about a few times, John Jacob Astor. He was a German American businessmen merchant and real estate mogul and investor who made his fortune mainly in a fur trade monopoly by smuggling opium into trynna. So there you go. 


He also invested in a bunch of real estate around New York city, May 18th, William Alexander, openness lightest store. Yes, junior Nice junior. He was one of the earliest biracial black us citizens in California. And one of the founders of the city that became known as San Francisco. When they say biracial, they are not kidding. Like, I don't mean that in a way of no, I mean like seriously five different, like both of his parents were biracial. 


Oh, ready. And then they had him. So he had like Haitian, like, I mean, it was such a long list of things when I clicked on him. Like it, they're not kidding when they say like he was black and then also biracial other ways as well. So it was Sure it's multi-racial not, not just, yeah. Bi-racial multi-racial It was very interesting when I clicked on him and I was like, oh wow, that is a lot. Like, but it was super interesting. So, and then August 30th, Simon Willard died. He was best known for inventing the eight day patent timepiece that came to be known as the gallery or banjo block. 


He, your husband and my boyfriend. Well, my boyfriend, I will, I know his answer. Your husband would likely have the same similar answer because I know him and yes, if you had to guess what horology is, what would you think that is? And I will just let your mind wonder about what my boyfriend said. Ah, I mean, I know off the cuff exactly what the boys would say. 


Yes. But what the, you think It would have to do with plants because horticulture is, is You would be on the right train of thought, but on the right, on like the total wrong track. Okay. So tell me The study of time, Huh? Yeah, he goes, no. So we're going to get to our interesting person of the week, his name, low markets, Atlanta Thompson, or LA Thompson. He was also known he was born on March 8th, 1848. 


He's a Pisces. He was born in Jersey, Ohio to his father Adena and his mother Nancy later in Thompson's life. He became a skilled carpenter. He designed and built a butter churn and an oxcart. By the time he was 12. Nice. He attended Hillsdale college in Michigan and then worked briefly in the wagon and carriage business. Later in 1873, he operated a grocery store in Elkhart, Indiana. And it was there that he designed a device to manufacturer seamless rosary. So you don't have it going on. 


Well, the business made him a small fortune. He had to stop dude. His declining health Thompson was known as a businessman, but first and foremost, he is known as an inventor. And it is not because of his invention of seamless rosary, LaMarcus, Adena Thompson is known as the father of gravity and more widely credited as the father of the American rollercoaster. Ooh. So, you know, I saw that one and I was like, what, What way? 


I thought Isaac Newton. Yeah. So you'll see. It is said that LA Thompson was inspired by a trip to the Hills and Eastern Pennsylvania where a railroad line running through carbon county had been converted from a coal transport to a tourist attraction. The mock Chuck switch back railway was an 18 mile, mostly downhill course that featured a 2300 foot long 665 foot. I drop at the end. The railway was a rousing success with tourists who came by the thousands to ride it every year. 


His idea was to capture the essence of that. But in a smaller scale, he acquired over 30 patents related to rollercoaster technologies. Thompson's work was built upon an earlier patent for an inclined railway by John G. Taylor, an example of one of Thompson's well-known inventions is the patent granted on December 22nd, 1884 for the gravity switchback railway, which opened at Coney island. It was a six mile per hour ride down and it costs 5 cents to ride. 


Thompson was making $600 a day. Wow. It cost 5 cents Is a lot. Yes. Rides In 1887. Along with designer James, a Griffiths, he opened the scenic railway on the boardwalk in Atlantic city, New Jersey, the scenic railway concept initially was intended to give writers a scenic view of the surrounding landscape. Later he created elaborate painted backgrounds and seen so that writers could feel that they were touring the Swiss Alps or other foreign landscapes. He went on to be the managing director of the LA Thompson scenic railway company. 


And in 1985, his scenic railways were extremely popular in the 19 hundreds and his company operated six major scenic railways at Coney island alone. Dozens of scenic railways operated throughout the U S and in Europe, each version of the scenic railway was more elaborate than the previous containing more and more visuals. The most notable was the installation in Venice, California. It opened in 1910, the track ran among artificial Hills lights and replicas of temples for shadowing attractions. 


That would be built by Disney. Cool. Eventually the scenic railway was overshadowed by faster and more thrilling rollercoaster rides, which were made possible by improvements in safety technology, which obviously, I mean, you know, in 1915 LA Thompson retired to his home, well, his sprawling state, yeah. Called Thompson park in Glen Cove, long island where he died in 1919 at the age of 71, when he was asked once his reason or his invention, he said many of the evils of society, much of the vice and crime, which we deplore come from the degrading of natural amusements to substitute something better, something clean and wholesome and persuade men to choose. 


It is worthy of all endeavor. We can offer sunshine that glows bright in the afterthought and scatters the darkness of the tenement for the price of a nickel or a dime. Oh, This was the same time that like Western towns, those towns were like booming. So he was basically like, well, I'm not into that. So I'm going to make a ride. Yeah. Yeah. So that was his whole reason for thinking of it. So, Yeah. Okay. And question your first rollercoaster ride. Oh, I don't even know Like your first like roller coaster ride. 


Not like kitty ride, but like roller coaster. Probably the rampage. So you, You vision land, Like how old? Oh, I probably Do. Are you with, I think a family member, So it wasn't vivid to you and you loved it. It was great. It was fine. I do recall my mother is waiting on me to bring up the story. I can, I can feel it. I do recall the first time I rode an upside down roller coaster. 


It was the first time I ever went to Disney world and we went to universal studios for the day. The whole had just opened. That is a, that is a beast is awesome. It is a B that was my first upside down. Rolling. Oh, I cried when I got off of it. 12, 11, 12. So there was another ride it's been turned into. It's now a Harry Potter ride that has two lines. You can either get in the red or the blue line. Okay. It used to be called the dueling dragons and obviously Harry Potter, like, but that's where like Haggard's hut is. 


And you can like walk all the way through the line. It's really cool. But so there was a Sprite called the dueling dragons. It was after that. And you had to choose fire or ice. Well, I was terrified after I got off. So for those of you who don't know, this is not a rollercoaster that liked you go up the hill, just like, it's like a Slingshot it's light. It is insane. As it may have said an ugly word, once we got all strapped in and he's like, oh, what have we done? Because it truly is. And that was my very first, like memorable, like upside down roller coaster. 


And so the dueling dragons was like, not far. So there was, we went to the Spiderman ride. Then we went to of course Dudley D rights are rapids. And then there was the dueling dragons. And this was like way before Harry Potter World. Right. And like, it hadn't even been thought of yet. The first movie just came Flavin. No, no, They Were, they didn't even know. So my mom was like, if I don't get her on another one, I'll never get her on one again. Cause I was terrified. So she's dragging me and I am not saying not metaphorically dragging me on to this next rollercoaster. 


I am crying hysterically. Like I don't want to be there. I'm so scared. Like I think of what I just got off of. And so I remember my mom looking at the ride attendant and going, she's fine. So she gets me on the roller coaster anyways. So that was my second ever upside down roller coaster. And it's one, that's like, it goes slow up to the top. Like you go Up to the top And then it's a nice, like little upside down coast down like it. Then you go into your normal, like it's a normal roller. 


The mind bender was my first upside down. Oh Gosh. Well I think it's the joker now at six flags. Is that the joker now? I think that's what it is now. I think it's still the mind bender. I think they just, they just use the joker as it's like, Ah, that was my first upside down. So, So yeah, I got off that ride and then I wanted to ride it again. So that's how that went. Well, my first big rollercoaster was the scream machine at six flags. His original, like the original, original rollercoasters were all called the American scream machine. 


Cause That's what his, that was one of his nicknames was the, the father of the original American screamed machine. So yeah, it was, I was just like, what? So his rides are like basically what Disney, like modeled it's a small world after like that's what they modeled all of that after, because it was his idea to be like, what if people didn't have to go to the mountains to see the mountains? Like that was his whole. And so I just thought that was so I was like, I need idea. I Never thought it was one of those things that it's just like an assumed thing that's there. And you never think of like, who came up with that? And then you're like, Hmm. 


Yeah. Interesting. So that's that now June 28th, 1848, Thomas Harding and Washington dude, and an argument over a handkerchief that was given to Mary Ann Williams later that night, Ms. Harding was dead this week. We are back in good old Boston, Massachusetts. We talked about Boston in depth, just a few episodes back in episode 51, America's first sleepwalking killer. So there isn't much for us to dive into regarding Boston, obviously In co TB, But there is a specific area that we need to learn more about. 


That is Ann street and it is in the north end of Boston, Massachusetts today it is known as north street, but at the time of our case, it was known by the more crude name, the black C L. This was an infamous neighborhood at the time of our case. And it formed a bit of a red light district or pleasured for it. We talked about this in a previous episode as well, but the red light district gets its name from red lights that were used as signs on brothels. The area of Boston at the time had so many things, they had brothels taverns and Jilt shops, Jilt shops, J I L T Care to elaborate a Jilt actually means a harlot Interesting for A woman who gives hope and then dashes it. 


So today people would call this a tease. It was also more commonly referred to sex workers who would get men like literally the movie hustlers we'd get men drunk, take their money and then never perform. Gotcha. But They would convince them that they had, because they were drunk. So, I mean like I've heard of someone being jilted. Yes. But a jilted lover. So yeah. Like, yeah. You teased them like into thinking that you've loved them. Like yeah. Yeah. But I didn't, I was like, I need, I need more explanation on that because it's not working so gotcha. But at this time Jilt shops were saloons dance halls, gambling, dens, or brothels, all kind of like rolled into one. 


So it's like, oh five parts at Disney world. Well, so, but it seems like in this context, it's a dance hall of the adult Variety. I gotcha. I Gotcha. So the specific area known as the black sea was created to be segregated from the rest of the city kind of as like here's where there's the shadow lands. Like that's basically what it was like everything. The light touches is our Simba, but we don't go over there. Like that's basically like what it was kind of created as over half of Boston's brothels were located in the area and street cut straight through the neighborhood and it ran from final market down in old Drawbridge, right into the rest of Boston's north end and ended at the wharfs on December 4th, 1834 and street was widened to connect merchants row and Blackstone street. 


The area lay about 10 minutes by foot from Boston's banking and commercial center, the black sea was known to be subject to occasional police raids, but they can be gently left the brothels alone. Well, convenience. I'm sure it was for a price Or maybe people didn't want their names getting out. Well, Like I said, I'm sure it was for price By 1851. The area was at its height of popularity and the police patrolling the area. Estimated there were 227 brothels, 26 gambling dens and over 1500 places to purchase liquor Fitness, All in that little area. 


I mean, you couldn't turn around without funding somewhere to get into something. Hey LA, You Just made me sound so dirty and I didn't, oh, you need to go back and delete. No, I will not be deleting that way. So guys, I'm so super innocent and all of that, I just meant that you could get into trouble. 


She is filthy standing out on her forehead. She's hard. She is horrible. I try to keep the standards high, your own. It's really hard. Says the woman who brought up in our first episode, I mean, episode Just Slipped out and you know how totally ashamed I was when it happened. Episode one. I Know No one, no one believes you right Now. 


And then reptile dysfunction. Yeah. So, But that one was totally innocent. I really, really though it was totally, It was not. It was anyway. Oh gosh, that was funny. Okay. The Boston government organized a series of raids called the great dissent. The first raid alone resulted in 86 gamblers being arrested. Officer Edward H. Savage described the final phase of the grape scent float on the Eve of the 23rd of April. This year, we made the great police descent in Ann street capturing some 160 bipeds. 


I'm just disappointed that they did not catch 165 LSP, but whatever, it's fine. They were punished for piping, battling, dancing, drinking, and attending crimes. To which my next question, what were they fiddling? Stop. Keep it clean and taking your glasses away. 


You. This is like literally Young lady, One and a half glass of wine. So that's not the wine that you, God, that that should be a t-shirt. It's not the wine. You Guys sorry, Kayla at <inaudible> Anyways, this rate involved around 50 day officers and 50 night officers move on. I'm just saying night officers sounds like a really good name. 


We're a company. It might dispatch in-home dancers. Well Called the night officers. It could. I mean, they both, This is true. Anyway, in all 60 men, including 35 brothel keepers and 95 women who were mostly sex workers were arrested after the great dissent. Boston was eager to try and relabel the area quickly. 


And in 1852 and street was renamed to north street. So they thought just renaming the street was going to just Sign. Yes. Oh, did it Work? I don't know. Get Boston on the phone. Just Boston, Austin. Okay. That's it. Washington good was born in 1820 and Mercer's Berg, Pennsylvania. I tried to find a specific date, but good Alas and a lack. There is some discrepancy in regards to the date and place of goons birth. 


Good claim to have been born in Pennsylvania, but his uncle George Myers claimed that God was born in Baltimore, Maryland and was 28 in 1849, which would have made his birth year 1821 anyways. Hmm. His uncle also claims that 15 year old dude accompanied him to Boston in 1836. And after settling in the city, he began working as a servant on board ships that sailed from Boston. He eventually fought for general Zachary Taylor who had become our 12th president in the Seminole war, which was also the Florida war, which in turn means that goop served under Andrew Jackson. 


George Myers rarely saw his nephew while he was important back in Boston because goon preferred to hang out in the north end of Boston known as the black sea. The reason I said earlier that this name is problematic because there were a couple of reasons that it could have been named black sea I'm saying could have been named the black sea because I couldn't find like a reason for why it was called that first. It was like a seedy part of town that the authorities just kind of turned their back on. Right. 


Yeah. Second is that this portion of town was the neighborhood that immigrants and black Americans lived in. Yeah. I can't find anything that confirms the reason behind the name, but from context and everything I read, that was kind of what I gathered. Yeah. It was derogatory, Derogatory. However, because it is because it is by, I don't know. I don't know. That's what I'll say. It's the wrong side of the tracks. Yeah. And so that's what the name of it was called at the time. Let's see at the time of our case, Gould was serving as a second cook aboard a steamship, the William Pease and the main cook on a sailing ship. 


The Nan. Oh, short, not at all. Even though Google was. Yeah. Even though good was out to see most of the time when he did find himself in town, he spent time with his girlfriend, Marianne Williams, something interesting about Marianne Williams is that she was friends with another man named Thomas Harding who also considered Marion his girlfriend But even curiouser. Yep. Upturn is that Marianne is actually married. 


So there we go. It's unclear whether both men knew that she was married, but both men did know about the other Did Maryanne's We'll Get there. Then on June 28th, 1848, Gude confronted Harding about Maryanne because Harding had given Maryanne a silk handkerchief, Very canned. This wasn't the first time that the men had argued over her, but it would be the last, but the events that occurred next are debated and highly circumstantial. This is what was printed the next day. I will also go ahead and say, I took some words out of this and replace them with other words, cause I'm not saying them. 


So there's that. So it's an abridged quote. And again, Say it again. Another murder in Boston, all in caps, exclamation point there again, A case of murder by some secret assassin who dealt his deadly blows and then fled occurred in Richmond street in Boston last night, the man killed was named Thomas Harding, a young black man and a steward of a vessel at about 11 o'clock parting was called at a house in Richmond street, just below Ann street to inquire for a shipmate. Upon being told he was not there. 


He turned to go out and had put one foot upon the street steps. Yep. Street up thing back then when he received two stabs from some unknown hand, one of which was over the left eye and was an inch and a half in depth. The other was in the back near the spine. Harding fell back into the entry saying that he was murdered and died almost immediately. Another black man named Washington Gould has been arrested on suspicion of being the murderer. Guten Harding had some trouble about a girl, the former being jealous of the ladder. It is said that God had threatened to take boarding's life. 


Omar Hella they had some trouble about a all right. It would I put, yeah. I would also like to note here that in this article partings last name parting, just like arting everybody knows how to spell that. Say it is continuum, sleep miss continuously, Ms. Spelled as harden. Like, okay, get it together guys. All right. Get It together. Since God was seen, arguing with Harding just before his murder, it's not hard to see how the connection could be made, that he was to blame the coroner's jury concluded that it was in fact a murder, but that the evidence towards good was completely circumstantial. 


It didn't seem to matter because God was indicted for the murder of Harding on July 3rd, the case began in January of 1849 and it was conducted by the Supreme judicial court of Massachusetts Samuel D. Parker was the prosecuting attorney for the case. And if that names slightly rings a bell it's because he was the prosecutor in the sleepwalking killer case as well. Marianne Williams testified in the trial and said that she did in fact have a husband who had been out to sea for two years and that she had been entertaining. The company of both food and Harding, Maryann stated on the stand that when God found out about the silk handkerchief, he took it and tore it up into pieces. 


But she was deliberate in making sure she made the court aware that quote, he said nothing about doing anything to Harding then, or at any other time, there were 16 witnesses called to the stand. Even though not a single person saw the murder take place. The prosecution said, quote, there will be no room for doubt that the prisoner did the deed. Okay. Joseph Gilmore testified that Washington Gouda had told him he would kill Harding for taking Mary Ann Williams from him. Dennis Drummond said that he had heard cries of murder shortly after goon left his place at two Richmond street, Henry Foreman reported that a guy told him, quote, this night I intend to make Rome owl. 


Okay. I don't. And after the Illusion to some literary work or something that we aren't aware of, He saw a man going down the street whom he thought to be Washington goon, Isaac barrister quote, saw a man resembling goon after a scuffle on Richmond street and believed it was God's voice. He heard, but he couldn't swear positively. Oh, okay. John Harris, John Harris reported that a knife was missing from his dance hall. Rufus Butler said that he saw a knife in goons belt and that he saw good slap Mary Ann Williams. 


And finally Julia Harris who lived across the street from where Harding was murdered. She said that she heard blows, struck and saw a man running away who quote, judging by his clothes was goon. However, the cross-examination did not go well for Julia Harris. The defense I put in parentheses in my cousin, Vinny moment included that Julia was nearsighted and wouldn't be able to make out booed at a distance or anyone for that matter. Did you see the Boston post devoted a one paragraph to each of the 16 witnesses and their coverage, but they only allowed 20 lines total for the defense. 


Oh, every piece of evidence in the trial against Jude was circumstantial and hearsay, which if anybody's been following Johnny Depp, we all know what hearsay is by now. The judge gave the instructions to the jury for three hours. I did say three hours. How long did the jury deliberate? 35 minutes. It was going to say three minutes. The judge lectured good for an hour and a half regarding the quote intemperate habits of the prisoner of his ungodly associates of the dens of crime, which he visited. 


Then on January 15th, 1849, the judge handed down the verdict of guilty before sentencing, Washington goose to death. And that his life afforded quote, no hope of a commutation of the sentence. Oh, goods execution was to take place on May 25th, even though an appeal was tried. It wasn't helpful. Interestingly, at the time of goods trial, there was a national debate taking place regarding the death penalty and capital punishment. The trial ended up serving as the beginning of a rally in Boston to push for an abolishment of the death penalty meetings were held in several Massachusetts cities and towns in support of Washington goon with a committee appointed by the Massachusetts society for the abolition of capital punishment to advocate on his behalf. 


Lawyers, politicians, writers, ministers, reformers, all pushed to change the death penalty laws so that food would not be sentenced to death. And they spoke out against the injustices involved in capital punishment. There were over 24,000 signatures gathered to get food fried Omar. The petition now lives in the Concord library archives. One of the names signed to it. Henry David Thoreau. Oh, that guy and his entire 15 member family. Wow. Signed it. Governor George and Briggs refused to commute his death sentence upon his execution. 


Good Swart his innocence. And the night before his execution, our guys, bit of a trigger warning here, you attempted to complete suicide, but was saved by the prison doctor. The next morning it was raining as Washington Gould was led to the gallows by 10:00 AM. He was pronounced dead. His body was then turned over to his uncle, George Myers, who took his body back to the house to prepare for the funeral over a thousand people paraded through the tenement housing where Gould's body laid and escorted him to the south bearing grounds were Washington good, was laid to rest in the city's tombs. 


Wow. People were protesting at the execution. It was like, I'm surprised they still did it. It was bad. Like it almost caused a riot because people were like one, this is circumstantial, which let's be honest at this time. It's also very surprising that they were pushing as hard as they were because Washington good was a black man, but everybody like every one was get, keep in mind. His execution was in may. His sentencing was in January. Yeah. 


His appeal was in March. That quickly is how quickly everyone got on board. And we're like, no, this is not okay. Not okay. And it's just, it's crazy. And his execution was like, people wanted it called off before it happened. But when it happened, it's like all bets were off. Like people were furious because they were like, they saw it as an injustice. They were like, there's no evidence. There's no, this there's no that. And furthermore, like capital punishment, shouldn't be a thing. 


Like we shouldn't be doing this. An eye for an eye is not a thing. Like, this is not how we do this. We do not stoop to the level of a murder. We are no better than them. And like, it was this whole like moral conversation, like even at the time ministers were jumping in who like were the original creators of like the eye for an eye kind of thing because the Bible, but it's like, all these people gathered together and were like, no. And the Lawmakers were like, we're gonna make a Point. We're still going to do it. Well, we're, we're going to, we're going to make a point in this case. Yeah. So the story of Washington good has been mortalized though, even though no, one's heard of it Because in 1891, a man by the name of Herman Melville died and left an unfinished story behind called Billy Budd sailor. 


Huh? It was a claimed by critics as a masterpiece when a transcribed version finally surfaced in 1924 and it has been placed as the second best piece of literature. Melville wrote only beaten out by Moby Dick. The novella is about Billy Budd, a handsome sailor who stripes and inadvertently kills his false accuser master at arms, John placard, the ship's captain Edward veer recognizes Billy's lack of intent, but claims that the law of mutiny requires him to sentence Billy to be hanged. Billy bud has been adapted into film, a stage play and an opera, but why did Melville have so much interest in this case? 


The judge and the Washington Gude case Lemuel Shaw was also the same one in the sleepwalking killer case, chief justice of the Massachusetts Supreme judicial court. And one of the most important jurists in 19th century America was Herman Melville's father-in-law and that's the story of Washington goon. Wow. So it was just interesting that this was the one that, that came up today. Like just, you know, just like it was another move. Like it was just another like, no, no, we're not. 


No. And it isn't. And it, this was another case that was surprisingly hard to find information on that wasn't in like a scholar text that I had to go find. I mean like, and we talked about that, like some of the ones that I have found lately that are like the monotoned trial, like Yes, yes. How was that? Not more well-known like how, and it's just so crazy that there's cases like this, that just aren't known. And this case is like really what sparked the entire, like, there was a debate about capital punishment, but this is what caused the outcry. 


Yeah. Like there was an, excuse me, there was an actual person to, you know, and a person to tie this back to And keep in mind the sleepwalking killer case was just a couple of like, just a few years before this, that both the judge and the prosecutor were also on that case as well. But Albert Terrell got away with it. Yeah. And so people compared the two cases and they were like, he admitted to it and you'll let him go. This guy didn't is saying he didn't do it. And there's no evidence. He did it. Yeah. There's just An Circumstantial you're Putting into death. 


Like it was, it was very much this entire just outrage that started in the city and like 24,000 signatures. Like this is that this was not online. Like you had to go door to door to get signatures. Like they had to hustle to get these things. Yeah. This is Not short amount of time, Very short amount of time. How many years did it take to get how many signatures on the declaration of independence, they got 24,000 done in how many months? Like yeah. You know, like it's Of course this wasn't Tierney against it's against the king. Right. Well Just saying It. 


Yeah. So it's an interesting case, but yeah. Herman Melville, drew inspiration from it. And so he is a moralized. That's Pretty cool. So it is very interesting. A lot of people don't know hub history is actually no, no. Redux is actually where I got all the information about it being written about Washington goon was that was like where I got all of that, because it wasn't anywhere else, even on the Wikipedia page for the novella, like wasn't there. Huh. So it was just very interesting. But yeah, the judge in the case was Herman Melville's. Father-in-law Very interesting. 


It's always interesting. How many of these people connect? Yeah. How it ties back. I agree. So very curious. Well, you know, We have a website where you can find any and all, and when you see information, you were looking for Our online, we are unlike the petition, we Are on the online and we would really appreciate it. If 24,000 of you would go give us a five star review. That would be great. So if y'all could do that like, And become Patriot, I'm just saying my birthday's coming up. So If y'all get on that, that'd be great. 


Just, just saying that would, that'd be fantastic if you love our podcast, as much as we do recommend this to everyone, you know? Yep. That would be fantastic. People you don't know. I mean, That is very true. Even people you don't know, make a new friend In line at the grocery store at the doctor's office, making your dermatologist appointment, waiting in the waiting Room, very all these things, all these things you can do And Londa, Radha, roller coaster That as well. I mean, you Have almost done not a rollercoaster, but you were in line when you recommended our podcast in Disney world. 


Yes. So there you go. Full circle. Yes. Yes, yes. And I did make friends in LA. I always make friends in line. Yes. And as Leah said, we do have a Patrion where you can go help with the cost of making an hosting the show. We would greatly appreciate it. We also appreciate you guys sticking with us again for another episode of one nation under crime, we will see you here. Same time, different crime next week. And remember there isn't always Liberty and justice for all, especially ear. Nope. 


Just here. Nope. Nope. We'll see you guys next time. Bye.